Dalits in India
TRUTH ABOUT DALITS Everything about the dalits
Backward Castes

Dalit Statistics


According to the 2001 Census there were about 168.6 million Dalits in India and they constituted about 16.8% of the entire population of India.

The 2001 Census is now complete. The total population as risen to over one billion, but we do not know yet the precise Dalit head count in the country.

However, the common conjecture is that there are roughly about 250 million Dalits in India.

Dalits today not only constitute numerically an important section of the Indian society but also represent a community still struggling to break out of the centuries of mental bondage of the oppressive and hegemonic Brahmanical/Hindutva order and inhuman existence.

The government of India identifies Dalits by designating them Scheduled Caste or Scheduled Tribe status. However, all the peopl encompassed in these definitions are not strictly Dalits in the pure definition of the word but also include the low castes among the Sudras.

Dalits: The Scheduled Castes

According to the 2001 Census, the Scheduled Castes population in India (excluding the population of Mao Maram, Paomata and Purul Sub-divisions of Senapati district of Manipur) stands at 166,635,700 persons which constitute 16.2 per cent of the country’s population.

Of the total Scheduled Castes population, 79.8 per cent live in rural areas and 20.2 per cent live in urban areas.

The sex ratio of 936 females per thousand males is slightly higher than national average of 933 sex ratios.

The largest proportion of population of the Scheduled Castes to total population of the State is found in Punjab (28.9 per cent) followed by Himachal Pradesh (24.7 per cent) and West Bengal (23 percent).

In Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka and Pondicherry proportion of SCs population is exactly equal to the National average of 16.2 per cent.

The smallest concentration of the Scheduled Castes population is in the North-eastern Adivasi States such as Mizoram (with negligible or only
272 persons) followed by Meghalaya (0.5 per cent) and Arunachal Pradesh (0.6 per cent).

The highest percentage of Scheduled Castes population to the total SCs population of the country is reported in Uttar Pradesh (21.1 per cent) followed by West Bengal (11.1 per cent) and Bihar (7.8 per cent), Andhra Pradesh (7.4 percent) and Tamil Nadu (7.1.percent). In fact, more than 57 per cent of total SCs population inhabit in these five States.

Dalits : The Scheduled Tribes

The total population of the Scheduled Tribes in India stands at 84,326,240 persons as per the 2001 Census.

They constitute 8.2 per cent of the total population of the country.

Out of their total population in the country, 91.7 per cent were living in rural areas, whereas, only 8.3 per cent from urban areas.

The sex ratio of Scheduled Tribes population was 978 females
per thousand males.

The sex ratio among Scheduled Tribes population is higher than that of the total population of the country as well as that of SCs.

The proportion of the Scheduled Tribes to the total population of the States/Union territories is highest in Mizoram (94.5 %) and Lakshadweep
(94.5 %) followed by Nagaland (89.1 %), Meghalaya (85.9 %).

Within the major states Chhattisgarh (31.8%) has the highest percentage of Scheduled Tribes population followed by Jharkhand (26.3%) and Orissa (22.1%). These proportions are in the lowest in Uttar Pradesh (0.1 %), Bihar (0.9 %), Tamil Nadu (1.0 %) and Kerala (1.1%).

Madhya Pradesh accounts for the highest percentage of Scheduled Tribes population to total STs population of the country (14.5 percent) followed by Maharashtra (10.2 per cent), Orissa (9.7 per cent), Gujarat (8.9 per cent), Rajasthan (8.4 per cent), Jharkhand (8.4 per cent) and Chhattisgarh (7.8 per cent).

In fact, 68 per cent of the country’s Scheduled Tribes population lives in these seven States.



By Kancha Illaiah
By John Dayal
By Udit Raj
By Others


Recommended Stories
Dalits and English
On two kinds of corruption
Reservation For Dalits In Private Sector
Some merit to quotas
Battle over the Anti-Violence Bill
Don't ban Aarakshan, it’s just upper caste

 © Copyright   - Truthaboutdalits.com  -  All rights reserved